Terpenes found in cannabis are aromatic oils that give cannabis strains their distinctive aromas. Terpenes help our bodies absorb and utilize cannabinoids’ therapeutic effects. They also regulate or modify certain effects of cannabis, such as THC.
Terpenes have as much importance as cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids and cannabis terpenes collaborate to give you the best effect from all strains of cannabis. Terpenes are mainly extracted from plant materials, such as citrus rinds or pine needles. Essential oils used in aromatherapy can be utilized, however they are not common. Terpenes can also be derived from insects or animals.
They are most often extracted from the plant material. Cannabis plants contain more than 200 terpenes which are responsible for the distinct smells and taste of a specific variety. Terpenes are the main reason behind the lavender and lemon scents. Terpenes provide a plant’s natural defense mechanism and are used as food additives for many years to enhance the flavor of various foods.
Cannabis terpenes not only provide the scent and flavor of cannabis, they also possess positive effects on health. According to certain experts, terpenesare the main ingredient in many of the distinguishing characteristics of a specific strain, have been known to have beneficial effects on everything from migraines and stress to mood swings and inflammation.
As cannabinoids do, terpenes are able to bind to receptors throughout our bodies and brains that control the state of mind as well as sleep patterns, memory as well as hunger. When combined with cannabinoids terpenes can magnify the effects of cannabis for healing while reducing some adverse effects.
These chemical compounds work together to improve your medical marijuana experience. They also offer stronger, more lasting relief. Different combinations of cannabinoids may be different in their effects on patients. Although a CBD-rich plant may not cause psychoactive reactions however it’s difficult to know the effect of terpenes on patients.
The most commonly used marijuana terpenes and their benefits
1. Alpha-pinene, the most prominent terpene, is found in pine needles, sage and has a distinct evergreen fragrance. It’s also found in dill, rosemary as well as basil, parsley, and. While alpha-pinene is present in very low amounts in many cannabis strains of cannabis However, it’s been found to improve memory and focus in strains that contain higher levels.
2. Beta-myrcene: This terpene contributes to the aromas of hops and thyme and may also be an anti-inflammatory. Myrcene is also found in lemongrass, mangoes, and Thyme. It’s believed that the myrcene’s sedative qualities could help with insomnia or restless leg syndrome.
3. Limonene can be found in large amounts in peppermint, lemongrass and rosemary, in addition to cannabis. It emits a distinct lemon aroma that is antidepressant and anticancer properties.
4. Linalool: This terpene may be found in lavender, mint coriander, birch trees and rosewood. It may be effective in treating depression and anxiety and may produce a relaxing effect. There are many reports of sedation taking cannabis that contains high levels of linalool.
5. Caryophyllene: This is the only terpene that is able to bind to receptors for cannabinoid and also creates the distinctive smell of clove. Alongside adding an element of spice to the strain, caryophyllene is thought to be anti-inflammatory and effective in treatment of anxiety.
To learn more, click cooking with terpenes